Terms Of Reference: Market Systems, Conflict and Baseline Analysis in Bidibidi Refugee Settlement, Yumbe District, Uganda.
26th August 2020 (23:59 EAT).
HEKS/EPER was founded in 1946 by the Federation of Swiss Protestant Churches (FSPC) as the aid organization of the Protestant Churches in Switzerland committed to the dignity of every human being. This respect for human dignity finds expression in the universal human rights. All human beings should be able to lead a life in dignity and in social, economic and political security based on fundamental Christian values such as justice, self-determination, respect, solidarity, responsibility, and participation. HEKS/EPER collaborates with its operational partner organizations to support local initiatives to eliminate dependencies on relief. HEKS/EPER is active in more than 30 countries with more than 200 projects around the world, running its own Coordination Offices in 17 primary-focus regions. HEKS/EPER is present in Uganda since 2016 with strong focus on conflict sensitivity and/or measures for conflict transformation within its country programs to combat the causes of hunger, poverty and injustice through its focus on access to land; livelihoods and food security; improved access to safe and clean water; and conflict transformation and peace building initiatives.
Community Empowerment for Rural Development (CEFORD)
CEFORD is a non-profit and an indigenous NGO registered as a Limited Liability (by Guarantee) under Registrar of Companies – in year 2000; and also registered in November 2000 with Uganda Non-Governmental Organizations Board as S.5914/3432 according to the NGOs Statute of 1989. CEFORD operates in all the districts and refugee settlements of West Nile region with its Head Office in Arua and Unit offices in Nebbi, Zombo, Koboko, Yumbe, Moyo and Adjumani districts. CEFORD's focus areas are: Sustainable Livelihoods focusing on Agriculture and skills development, Primary and Secondary Education, Community Governance, Disaster risk reduction and humanitarian response, WASH and Institutional development.
About the project.
The project aims at enhancing secure livelihoods for refugee and host communities in and around Bidibidi settlement, Yumbe District. The project will apply a conflict sensitive integrated thereby exploring and implementing means to mitigate source of latent or open conflict and designing means towards strengthening capacities for peace and improved livelihoods.
Project Name: Strengthened Livelihoods and Peaceful Co-existence of Host and Refugee Community Households in Bidibidi Settlement, West Nile, Uganda.
Location: Bidibidi Resettlement Camp, West Nile, Uganda
Implementing Organisations: CEFORD (Community Empowerment for Rural Development) and HEKS/EPER.
Goal and Outcomes: Goal: - Sustainable food, income and peaceful coexistence for refugees and host communities' HHs in Bidibidi settlement.
Target Population and Beneficiaries:
Total Number of the Target zones: 15,939 households with of 93,254 individuals.
Total Number of People Targeted: 900 households (450 nationals and 450 refugees) with at least 50% will be female.
Estimated life of Project: 48 months (July 2020 – June 2024)
The Consultancy Scope, Focus and Deliverables
HEKS/EPER's approach to baseline study is based on internal capitalized learning through their work while valuing knowledge and approaches from within the context. HEKS/EPER Uganda/SSD Programme will therefore apply this approach to the market systems, conflict analysis and baseline study, which will be carried out in consultation and in participation with its partner CEFORD, other key stakeholders, appropriate community groups or key civil society individuals. The goal of the market systems analysis, conflict analysis and baseline study is to establish benchmark data related to the specific objectives and expected results of the project, so as to be able to measure progress towards the achievement of these objectives during implementation and the final evaluation.
Specifically, the assignment will comprise the following tasks:
The assignment is comprised of three major parts that need to be reported separately by the consultant as three components within the same contractual agreement as below;
a) Market systems analysis:
The overall purpose of the market systems analysis is to guide Rapid Market Appraisal (RMAs) for value chain selections. This means that, the Market systems analysis is supposed to result in a solid knowledge of actors and processes as well as symptom-level constraints and opportunities in the respective sub-sectors and value chains. The market systems analyses will also drive deeper into selected market systems as well as interconnected market systems in order to uncover underlying constraints and root causes. This should ultimately result in recommendations for interventions to tackle these underlying constraints to induce systemic change and make market systems work better for both refugees and host communities in Yumbe District.
The specific objectives of the Market systems analysis are:
i. To map and analyze system(s) functionality, key constraints facing workers from beneficiary communities, and the root causes of those constraints.
ii. To analyze and or explore critical supporting functions and rules around labour inputs, and the incentives and capacities of stakeholders involved to improve access and working conditions for beneficiaries.
iii. Analyze and explore viable enterprises for agricultural production and off-farm enterprises for self-employment and entrepreneurship opportunities.
iv. To identify and analyze up to three value chains with the potential to provide employment and business opportunities for refugees and hosts.
b) Conflict Analysis
The brief yet succinct situational analysis will be one of the major assignments under this contract. The conflict analysis results will ensure HEKS/EPER and CEFORD's engagements are informed by the local context in Bidibidi settlement and its neighborhoods, and to maximize the probability of the interventions/engagements being effective and sustainable. Conflict analysis will also help to generate an understanding of the conflicts that exist in a given situation and to identify relevant stakeholders as the conflict actors, conflict triggers/drivers, connectors and divider and a clear understanding of the conflict dynamics/relationships between triggers/drivers connectors and dividers, factor and actors to enable more targeted intervention and more efficient use of resources.
The specific objectives of the conflict analysis are:
i. To assess the general context, existence and dynamics of conflict in Bidibidi.
ii. To identify different actors/identity groups as well as key stakeholders involved within the conflicts and their interest and influence over the conflict in Bidibidi refugee settlement and surrounding host communities.
iii. To identify the key drivers/triggers, the push and pull factors of the conflict among the refugees and host communities.
iv. To identify the dividers/source of tension between groups as well as capacities for peace/ connectors.
v. To determine the existing structures and mechanisms (traditional and or established by other actors) with potentials to promote conflict prevention and reconciliation.
vi. To determine the interaction between above mentioned dividers and connectors and planned project activities, including implicit ethical messages.
vii. To identify the role of social economic status in conflict and peace processes.
viii. To determine the level of use of REHOPE Strategy by local CSOs as tool to campaign for social change.
ix. To explore measures to enhance capacities for peace and mitigate tensions which project activities could trigger.
x. To determine the level of partnership among and between refugees and host communities and different identity groups to promote conflict prevention and reconciliation.
c) Baseline Assessment
The baseline assessment will provide benchmarks data related to the specific objectives and expected results of the project, to be able to measure progress towards the achievement of these objectives during implementation and the final evaluation. The baseline study will also explore the potential and the feasibility of using an integrated approach for improved resilience for refugees and host community households in Bidibidi refugee settlement.
The specific objective indicators to determine baseline data for are:
i. To determine the percentage of the target population's involved in income generating activities and their levels of income.
ii. No. of groups formed (VSLA and farmer groups).
iii. Self-perceived changes in yields.
iv. No. of HH accessing market
v. No. of groups accessing market
vi. Volume (in kg and $) of produce sold on the markets by the farmer groups.
vii. Percentage of vulnerable people reporting effective participation in decision-making bodies disaggregated by gender.
viii. Observed changes market structures and dynamics.
ix. Acres of land access by Persons of Our Concern.
x. To determine the level of knowledge and skills among refugees and host communities on equality, conflict prevention and or resolutions and reconciliation.
xi. To determine the level of knowledge and understanding of the local and national laws that encourage their peaceful coexistence.
xii. Has there been own initiatives for peace and justice in the past?
xiii. To identify the existing practices for dialogue between adversarial groups in the conflict.
xiv. Degree of cooperation between government/duty bearers and civil society/ specific (adversial) groups /duty bearers.
xv. To identify the effectiveness of dialogue between adversarial groups in the conflict, and why.
xvi. Percentage of Persons of our Concern who report improved access to service (e.g. health, education, water access, security.
xvii. Number of conflicts reported by Persons of our Concern
xviii. To collect key data on the objectives, expected results, and theory of change.
The consultant team is expected to deliver key deliverables at various stages of undertaking this assignment.
These deliverables include:
i. Inception report with detailed research framework and consultation itinerary including interview partners, methodology and assessment tools based on desk-based research and gap analysis. The inception report will be reviewed and approved by the CEFORD and HEKS/EPER. The consultant cannot start the data collection process without the approval on the inception report, including the sample size calculation and distribution across different respondent categories and locations.
ii. Draft report comprising analyses of the selected market systems, conflict mapping and analysis, baseline data on the outcomes and output indicators.
iii. Attend, observe, and give consultancy guidance/response during the validation workshop. Research findings will be discussed with key stakeholders from relevant government, UN agencies NGOs and private sector during a validation workshop. The workshop aims to validate research findings and encourage buy-in from key government and humanitarian partners. The representative of the donor may be present in this workshop.
iv. Final Reports after incorporating comments and input from CEFORD and HEKS/EPER should not be more than 20 pages (without preliminary and annex pages) in HEKS/EPER provided template and 6-10 pages of a separate Conflict Analysis Section, as well as 6-10 Market Systems Analysis Section in length and should consist of;
Cover Page CEFORD and HEKS/EPER will provide sample cover sheet for reference.
Table of contents, list of acronyms/abbreviations and list of tables and charts
v. The report should be submitted electronically in a MS-Word document. The consultant is responsible for English editing of the final report and should be well formatted. The report will be credited to the consultant and potentially placed in the public domain at the decision of CEFORD and HEKS/EPER.
vi. Research follow up: If necessary, any further information needs and/or consultations identified during the analytical process will be addressed by the lead consultant.
vii. All handwritten and electronic transcripts of interviews and FGDs, hard copies of the survey questionnaires, any logistics taken from CEFORD and HEKS/EPER for the baseline purpose and photographs taken during the baseline should be submitted back to CEFORD and HEKS/EPER. Further to this, all information generated during the baseline will be the sole property of CEFORD and HEKS/EPER and is subject to submission to CEFORD and HEKS/EPER along with the final report.
In order to complete the assignment, the consultant team will be expected to engage in background research as well as extensive field research to conduct interviews with a wide variety of stakeholders including but not limited to relevant ministries and government institutions, relevant UN agencies and NGOs, public and private service providers, private sector actors, refugees and host community members. A provisional list of key stakeholders, including beneficiary groups categorized in terms of both refugee and host communities; gender, youth and other relevant sub-groups; and key actors relevant to the common value chains will be provided by CEFORD and HEKS/EPER. A validation workshop will be organized at the end of the field research phase in order to discuss and validate collected information with selected relevant actors. If necessary, any further information needs and/or consultations identified during the analytical process will be addressed by the lead consultant(s) in writing.
5. LOGISTICAL SUPPORT
CEFORD and HEKS/EPER will provide preparatory and logistical assistance to the consultant(s).
The consultant will submit technical and financial proposals to undertake the assignment. Technical and financial proposals should be submitted separately.
6. REQUIREMENTS OF CONSULTANT
• Demonstrable expertise and relevant experience in Market Systems and conflict analysis and baseline surveys with a Minimum of three (3) years' experience. The consultant should be able to provide additional information on similar assignment in the application.
• Have experience working in rural setting and humanitarian crisis locations
• Possession of Knowledge in transformative sustainable social businesses in humanitarian crisis regions
• Possession of creative/innovative analytical skills.
• Excellent report writing skills
• Ability to speak Local language spoken within the host community/ refugee settlement will be an added advantage.
• Availability of relevant institutional regulatory compliance documents.
The technical proposal should not exceed 20 pages including as a minimum methodology, team structure and roles, timeline and relevant past qualifications. CVs of team members, samples of reports for similar assignments completed, and other relevant institutional regulatory compliance documents must be included as Annex.
The financial proposal should include a clear breakdown of costs including fees and other expenses such as travel and transportation. Both proposals should be valid for 90 days,For more information about CEFORD, see www.ceford.or.ug and about HEKS/EPER, see www.en.heks.ch